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Box of transfers

The box of transfers serves for transfer of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine to a shaft with downturn of speed of rotation in transfer number of times. To each transfer there meets the range of speeds of the car. Depending on number of transfers of a forward course of a box of transfers there are three - four - step. The greatest distribution of a check point four and have received five-step boxes of transfers.  

Improvement of operational qualities of the modern car has led to significant complication of its design. And equipment of cars by automatic transmission has allowed to lower sharply volume of the loading assigned to the driver during movement, that also was favorably reflected in a running part, the engine and high-speed qualities of the car. Reliability and simplicity of operation have defined further wide use of this invention. Now automatic transmissions are applied and on cars.

Cars with manual transfer are cheaper. They more powerful and more economic. Manual transfer also is more reliable, than automatic. The skilled drivers using manual boxes of transfers, will tell to you, that it is pleasant to them, as transmission allows the driver to feel "more close" to the car. Easier to drive such car - it is more interesting! However, on the other hand, is assumes and more works at driving your car that can be especially difficult for the beginner. Therefore, in comparison with a manual box of transfers, the automatic box of transfers has following conclusive advantages. It increases comfort of driving of the car due to clearing the driver of control functions.

The automatic check point automatically and smoothly makes switchings, coordinating loading of the engine, speed of its movement, a degree of pressing a pedal of gas and as protects the engine and a running part of the car from overloads. The car with an automatic box of transfers is much easier to drive. Automatic transfer is more convenient in city, in fuses, etc. But it more complex device and transfer of such type assumes is more often fails.

Repair of automatic transfer enough expensive. At use of a vehicle with manual management, for maintenance of necessary speed it is necessary for driver to use the lever of switching of transfers often. For this reason it is obliged to watch loading of the engine and speed of the car constantly.  

Application of automatic transmission excludes necessity of constant using the switching lever. Change of speed is carried out automatically, depending on loading of the engine, speed of moving of a vehicle and desires of the driver. Therefore, in comparison with a manual box of transfers, automatic transmission has following conclusive advantages:

— increases comfort of driving of the car due to clearing the driver of control functions;

— automatically and smoothly makes switchings, coordinating loading of the engine, speed of its movement, a degree of pressing a pedal of gas;

— protects the engine and a running part of the car from overloads;

— supposes both manual, and automatic switching of speeds.

 
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